Working Papers

Major Complexity Index and College Skill Production. (with Xiaoxiao Li and Hajime Shimao) [GitHub: Complexity Index Package]

Hospital Efficiency: a Factor Model Approach.

Do Mergers Among Multimarket Firms Create Value? (with Ralph Siebert), [CESifo Working Paper No. 6139]

Pharmaceutical Patenting in the USA: Evaluating The Impact of Global Competition (with Gerry Simons)

Work In Progress

Price Transparency Laws and Heterogenous Hospital Responses. (with Ralph Siebert)

Pharmaceutical Pricing and Competition (With Brandon Norton and Ralph Siebert)

Multi-dimensional Economic Complexity Index by Graph-Autoencoder (with Hajime Shimao, Xiaoxiao Li, Michael Holton Price, Junpei Komiyama)

Estimating Skill-Added: A Revealed Choice Set Approach of College Major and Occupation Choices (with Xiaoxiao Li, and Hajime Shimao)


Linde S., (2019). The formation of physician patient sharing networks in medicare: Exploring the effect of hospital affiliation. Health Economics. [Paper Link]

Morgan, A., O’Gara, M., Crilly Bellucci, C., Linde, S., Albert, M., Curtis, A., Patel, P., Kapp-Simon, K. A. (2018). Speech Production Skills in Children with Cleft Palate who were Internationally Adopted. The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal.

Morgan, A., Crilly Bellucci, C., Coppersmith, J., Linde, S., Curtis, A., Albert, M., O’Gara, M. M., Kapp- Simon, K. (2017). Language Development in Children With Cleft Palate With or Without Cleft Lip Adopted From Non–English-Speaking Countries. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 26(2), 342-354.

Other Reports

Callison, K., Linde, S., Muller, L., Simons, G. (2019). Health Check 2019: Analyzing Trends in West Michigan (vol. 10). Grand Rapids, MI: Grand Valley State University. [Web: Health Check]

Recent & Upcoming Talks

Muskegon Westshore Healthcare Economics Forecast, Mar 2019, (Presenter)

Holland Westshore Healthcare Economics Forecast, Mar 2019, (Presenter)

West Michigan Healthcare Economics Forecast, Jan 2019, (Presenter)

Association For Public Policy Analysis & Management (APPAM) Research Conference, Nov 2018, (Presenter)

Missouri Valley Economic Association (MVEA) Conference, Nov 2018, (Presenter, Discussant, Chair)

Health Forum of West Michigan, May 2018, (Moderator)


Grand Valley State University:

Graduate Classes

  • ECO641: Business Economics and Strategy (Winter 2019)
  • ECO643 & PA633: Health Economics (Winter 2018; Fall 2018)

Undergraduate Classes

  • ECO312: Applied Microeconomics (Fall 2017; Fall 2018; Winter 2019)
  • ECO343: Health Economics (Winter 2018)

Purdue University:

Head Instructor

  • ECON 451 Game Theory (Summer 2015)

    • Award: Distinguished Instructor Award
    • Overall Instructor Rating Score: 4.9 / 5.0
  • ECON 451 Game Theory (Summer 2014)

    • Award: Distinguished Instructor Award
    • Overall Instructor Rating Score: 4.8 / 5.0

Recitation Instructor

  • ECON 210 Principles of Economics (Fall 2012);
    • Award: Distinguished Recitation Instructor Award
    • Recitation Class 1 Instructor Rating Score: 5.0 / 5.0
    • Recitation Class 2 Instructor Rating Score: 4.8 /5.0

Teaching Assistance Work

PhD Courses:

  • ECON 631 Empirical Industrial Organization
  • ECON 615 Mathematical Economics
  • ECON 606 Microeconomic Theory 1
  • ECON 607 Microeconomic Theory 2
  • ECON 650 Labor Economics

Undergraduate Courses:

  • ECON 499 Senior Honors Thesis
  • ECON 451 Game Theory


  • William Seidman Center 50 Front Ave. SW, Grand Rapids, MI 49504-6424